Read the entire passage carefully before answering any of the questions. The passage contains certain words and phrases that are underlined and numbered. The questions will provide alternatives for the underlined portion. You should choose the alternative that best expresses the idea in standard written English and is worded most consistently with the tone of the passage. If you believe that the original version is best, then choose “NO CHANGE.” There will also be questions about sections of the passage or about the passage as a whole. For some questions you may need to read beyond the underlined section in order to determine the correct answer.
It is generally not widely known that beekeeping is an important industry in the United States and that (1) America are known (2) not just for the quantity but also for (3) the quality of the honey it produces. This is the case, however, and America has long been recognized by other countries worldwide as an important producer of honey, although (4) beekeepers are found in every state, Ohio, Indiana and Illinois (5) produce large quantities of fine honey, as does Texas and California.
One of the most important things for beekeepers to do, in order to have a successful bee colony that would provide (6) lots of honey, is to make sure the bees have adequate shelter during cold weather, and also from the intense heat of summer. (7) In the Northern and Central states good protection must also become (8) provided against zero weather, since bees are not used to frozen temperatures! Though, (9) honeybees originally came from the tropical climates of Southeast Asia, more specifically the Philippines and surrounding areas, ample protection is required for them. (10)
The hives must have (11) an outer case placed around them and then have leaves, or straw or sawdust (12) packed around them for insulation. Set up in this way, they will withstand even an arctic winter. Perhaps at no time is protection more necessary than in early spring when the hives are full of young, baby (13) bees. During this time, hives may also be covered with layers of thick paper. A small hole cut in the paper will allow all of the fresh air necessary for bees in a state of sleep.
It has become increasingly important (14) to protect existing hives, as the American honeybee population has declined significantly over the past 10 years. Scientists do not know exactly why the honeybees are dying, but some believe a mysterious virus has killed off over 40% of the total honeybee population. Others argue that pesticides and other environmental toxins have affected the bees.